Paul Etienne Lincoln was born in London in 1959. Since 1980, Lincoln has created elaborate installations of allegorical machines which are inspired by circumstances as varied as the court of Louis XV at Versailles, or the sounds and financial structure of New York City. His installations, which can be produced over a period as long as a decade, are often predicated upon a literary or historical figure. In 2003 he exhibited two major installations, ‘New York–New York’ and ‘Die Berliner Zuckerbärin,’ in a solo exhibition at the Hamburger Bahnhof, Berlin. His work was included in the first “Greater New York” exhibition at P.S.1 (2000) and in the 2009 exhibition “The Quick and the Dead” at the Walker Art Center, Minneapolis. The artist lives and works in New York and Venice. In 2011, a solo exhibition of his work, “An Aurelian Labyrinth and Other Explications” was held at South London Gallery, London. Lincoln’s works are included in the permanent collection of the Museum of Modern Art, New York and the Arts Council, London.